Adaptation measures to climate change in the management of water and soil have a high priority for the Egypt Government. The increasing pollution of water in the irrigation and drainage canals by untreated municipal wastewater and agricultural drainage water is a critical factor that has to be addressed. At the same time, high entries of fertilizer and pesticide residues cause salinization of soils and pollution of water, which leads to a reduction in water productivity and affects the objective of food security adversely.
In this context, the GIZ-Programme aimed at improving the agricultural water productivity through the implementation of 2 components: Component 1: Strengthen adaptation capacities of farmers; Component 2: Strengthen the framework conditions for better adaptation capacity.
Services of AFC focused at component 2 and included:
- Stakeholder mapping of the relevant public and private actors (ministries, universities, research institutions) that are active in climate change adaptation.
- Identification and assessment of cooperation and coordination mechanisms regarding climate change adaptation, between relevant public and private actors in the agricultural and water sector as well as related extension services and key farmers.
- Preparaton of proposals to enhance the cooperation and coordination of institutions and organizations related to climate change adaptation in agriculture.
- Revision and assessment existing advisory services and advisory contents of the Ministry for Agriculture and Land Reclamation related to climate change adaptation and elaboration of proposals for possible adjustments.
- Elaboration of methods and didactics for a systematic management of knowledge related to climate change adaptation in agriculture (collection and dissemination of lessons learned and best practices.